We all know that nutrition is a key element to ensuring a healthy dog. Are not we talking about a female dog in the making?
First of all, it is important to know that gestation in a dog corresponds to pregnancy in women. So, it is clear that the nutritional requirements for a pregnant dog are very different from her needs in normal times. To provide your dog with the correct and balanced food during this phase of her life, you must know her exact energy needs. In addition, you must offer her foods that are specific to the physiological situation in which she is.
So, you have understood, you must make the effort to give your dog a healthy and balanced diet to ensure good health, her and puppies to come.
We invite you to read our article to know what should be the diet of a dog in the making.
Characteristics of pregnancy in dogs
The gestation in a dog has a duration which is close to 64 days, and which consists of two phases:
- The first phase of pregnancy: Until the 43rd day, it concerns the development of the embryo. No weight gain is usually seen in the dog during this stage.
- The second phase of pregnancy: From the 43rd day, the fetuses grow very quickly until they reach 80% of their final weight. That’s why weight gain in mum dog is important right now. In addition, its nutritional needs increase significantly. In general, the total weight taken by the mother at the end of gestation must not exceed 25% to 30% of her starting weight. During this phase, fetuses feed through the placenta. It is therefore essential that the mother receive all her nutritional needs not to end up, unfortunately, with stillborn puppies.
Nutrition of pregnant dog
During the second stage, that is to say, at 6 weeks of gestation, we invite you to gradually incorporate a food that is easily digested and provides the necessary energy to meet all the nutrient needs of your dog.
Indeed, when a dog is pregnant, her abdomen relaxes because of the uterus. The digestive system is weakened. To adapt to this situation, it is strongly recommended to split the amount of food needed daily into several meals a day.
From the 4th week of pregnancy, you should slightly increase the ration of your dog. Continue to do this every week until you reach a ration one third more consistent than usual at the 9th week of gestation.
- Energy needs: During the last third of your dog’s gestation, her nutrient requirements will multiply by 1.5. Thus, its diet must provide a high caloric content.
- Protein Requirements: Protein requirements during the last third of pregnancy are very important for both udder development and fetal growth. Protein deficiency can cause puppies with a weight loss.
- Fatty acids: They are very important during the first phase of gestation because they play an important role in the development of the brain and retinas of puppies. They will help improve their vision, memory and learning.
- Folic acid: It decreases the chances of getting cleft palates in brachycephalic dogs.
- Minerals: Croquettes usually contain balanced doses, so do not give extra.
However, we advise you to buy premium quality kibble based on natural ingredients for your dog and puppy as this will allow them to have better health.